How w o n d e r f u l can life be?!?
G-radio:Mraz 'Wonderful Life' *wink*
All the foods and nutrients listed below are inherent ingredients to our TYP heart reversal stories, "essential amino acids, omega oils, minerals and vitamins":
--Taurine from wild seafood and grassfed meat (not found in veggies)
--Other proteins: Leucine, BCAA, L-Carnitine, etc
--Omega-3 fatty acids: EPA DHA (grassfed meat, seafood); ALA (almonds, flax)
--Omega-6 fatty acids: GLA (sesame oil, borage, primrose, hemp)
--Minerals: Magnesium, Iodine, Selenium, Zinc, Boron, Sulfur, etc
--Vitamins: Vitamin D (calcidiol), Vitamin A, Vitamin E (tocotrienols), Vitamin K1 K2 (esp MK7), methylated folic acid, B-vitamins, Niacin (B3), B6/B12/folate/TMG (homocysteine control), acetylated a-Lipoic Acid, etc
--Antioxidant Flavanoids: blueberries, green tea, pycnogenol, red wine, bilberry, et cetera
8 Foods to Keep Your Brain Young and Healthy
By Dr. Maoshing Ni - Posted on Mon, Aug 11, 2008, 1:42 pm PDT
Senility, Alzheimer's, and age-related memory loss: these conditions of mental decline that come with aging can be delayed or even prevented. Besides engaging in daily activities that work out your brain, a regular and balanced diet rich with essential amino acids, omega oils, minerals and vitamins will ensure a vibrant and sharp memory. Eat these foods to give your brain the nutrition it needs.
Protein, an important component in the making of neurotransmitters, is essential to improve mental performance. Aside from being an excellent source of high quality protein, fish are packed with essential oils, such as Omega-3, which protect the brain and supports its development and functioning. Deep sea fish have the highest amounts of fatty acids, and they include salmon, sea bass, halibut, mackerel, and sardines.
These delicious berries are full of powerful antioxidants, which eliminate free-radical damage that causes aging, and they also possess neuroprotective properties that can delay the onset of age-related memory loss by guarding brain cells from damage caused by chemicals, plaque, or trauma. And they combat inflammation, the other factor in aging. 3. Nuts and SeedsNuts and seeds are wonder foods for your brain. Packed with protein and essential fatty acids, nuts and seeds are also chock full of the amino arginine, which stimulates the pituitary gland at the base of the brain to release growth hormone, a substance that declines quickly after age 35; this is a real anti-aging boon to your brain! Whip up a batch of my "Anti-aging brain mix" to bring with you anywhere and eat a small handful in between meals as a daily snack. It will nourish and support your brain. Pack in sealed container or zip-lock bag to preserve freshness.
1 cup walnut
1/2 cup pine nuts
1/4 cup sesame seeds
1/2 cup pumpkin seeds
1/3 cup of dried goji berries (also known as lycium berry, and easily found in health food stores)
1/2 cup dried apricots
4. Cruciferous Vegetables
Broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts are all rich in choline, an essential nutrient for memory and brain health. Choline is a precursor to the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, which contributes to healthy and efficient brain processes. As we age, our body's natural choline output declines, and its neurochemical action weakens. You can eat choline-rich foods to increase your production of acetylcholine, which will improve your brain power. Other sources of choline include: eggs, soybeans, peanuts, cabbage, black beans, and kidney beans.
5. Oil: Monounsaturated Fats
Monounsaturated fats contain essential fatty acids and gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which are crucial for brain development and function, among many other excellent benefits for your health. Olive oil, sesame oil, canola oil, almond oil, flaxseed oil, and fish oil are rich in monounsaturated fats and are good choices for brain health. Population studies show that people with a diet that is high in unsaturated, unhydrogenated fats may have a reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease, whereas those with a diet that is higher in saturated fats and trans fats have an increased risk.
6. L-carnitine Foods
Age-related memory problems are many times caused by plaque buildup and diminished blood supply to the brain, compromising the delivery of nutrients and oxygen. L-carnitine, an amino acid manufactured in your liver, increases circulation in the brain — among a myriad of powerful benefits for your health. Also, because it prevents fat oxidation in the brain, L-carnitine shows some promise in preventing Alzheimer's disease. Good sources of L-carnitine include: meats, fish, poultry, wheat, avocado, milk, and fermented soybeans.
Microalgaes from the ocean and uncontaminated lakes, including blue-green algae, spirulina, chlorella, seaweed, and kelp are easy-to-digest, high protein and high-energy supplements-and contain over a hundred trace minerals! Available in your health food store, microalgae are simple to incorporate into your diet to ensure a good, strong brain function. Look for powders you dissolve in juice or flakes you can sprinkle on your food.
8. Green Tea
Green tea prevents an enzyme found in Alzheimer's disease and is also rich in polyphenols, antioxidants that help prevent premature brain aging. Drink two cups a day to get the brain benefits. To decaf tea, steep for 45 seconds and pour out the water, add fresh hot water to the leaves or tea bag — 95% of caffeine will be eliminated.
Ketogenic Diet for Alzheimer's and other Neuro-degenerative/Vascular Diseases
Why is a ketogenic diet effective for neurodegenerative and vascular diseases (like CAD)? I've wondered this since Atkin's became so popular. I've also wondered why such extreme improvements are noticed short- and long-term with Niacin (Vitamin B3; we use either Slo-Niacin or Niaspan at TYP). This one incredible addition to any heart program evolves dramatic plaque remodelling, heart disease reversal, lipoprotein turn-arounds and large ranges of CAC score regressions. In the HATS trial in post-MI patients, Niacin + simvastatin 40mg/d brought about a 90% reduction in mortality and CAD events in ~3yrs compared with placebo. That is quite dramatic. The results are unheard of for conventional, pharmaceutical-derived therapies. Statin-monotherapy brings about only 20-30% depending on the study...which again as the latest WSJ article summarized...so what? These days when individuals carry belly fat and have elevated insulin, heart attacks and coronary surgical interventions are more de rigueur than NAUGHT... despite statins being placed in the water by health care insurances and people's demands.
What is niacin? Niacin mimics 2 things: starvation (living off your body fat/rearend) and ketosis. Niacin binds the ketone body receptor known as PUMA-G. Ketones are generated under many circumstances for instance:
--first 2 weeks of an infant's life -- baby is living on 60-80% brown fat because momma has not produced enough milk yet (as time is required for those lactative n*pples to so-called 'callous up' -- yeah, men out there that is JUST LIKE running a marathon without bandaids on your b**bies *haaa ah* seriously... bloody...d*mn...fun...)
--starvation (think, Survivorman or Bear)
--intermittent fasting (2-4x/wk 18 to 36 hour fasts)
--12-hour fasts (like for the doctor-ordered cholesterol lab testing)
--physical training beyond 40-60min (eg, sex typically does not count)
--low carb diet
--no carb diet
--moderate to high fat (low carb) diet
--moderate to high protein (low carb) diet
--Paleo + IF (intermittent fasting) + exercise
Don't confuse ketosis with Type 1 diabetes DKA (diabetic ketoacidosis) which is highly fatal. Many doctors and other healthcare professionals do this. It is like comparing normal wear-tear like a shopping cart scratching your car versus a 20-car wreck involving multiple fatalities. Ketosis is in fact normal and part of evolution. Humans and other predators up on the food pyramid of life do it all the time. Ketosis is necessary for survival.
The situation known as DKA occurs because the individual has ZERO insulin. Don't worry -- unless Type 1 or 1.5 (LADA) Diabetes is present, we all make plenty of insulin to 100% prevent this. In fact most people produce far too much insulin which raises blood pressure, causes body fat weight gain, TGs, small dense LDL and other inflammatory markers. Too much insulin also hinders proper muscle development (hard-gainers) with resistance and weight training. (DKA may occur but is VERY very rare in Type 2 diabetes -- unless the person has an infection or sepsis.)
Ketones Fix Our Brain
Altered lipid metabolism in brain injury and disorders.
Adibhatla RM, Hatcher JF.
Subcell Biochem. 2008;49:241-68. Review.
Department of Neurological Surgery, Cardiovascular Research Center, Neuroscience Training Program, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI., William S. Middleton Veterans Affairs Hospital, Madison, WI 53792, USA.
Deregulated lipid metabolism may be of particular importance for CNS injuries and disorders, as this organ has the highest lipid concentration next to adipose tissue. Atherosclerosis (a risk factor for ischemic stroke) results from accumulation of LDL-derived lipids in the arterial wall. Pro-inflammatory cytokines (TNF-alpha and IL-1), secretory phospholipase A2 IIA and lipoprotein-PLA2 are implicated in vascular inflammation. These inflammatory responses promote atherosclerotic plaques, formation and release of the blood clot that can induce ischemic stroke. TNF-alpha and IL-1 alter lipid metabolism and stimulate production of eicosanoids, ceramide, and reactive oxygen species that potentiate CNS injuries and certain neurological disorders. Cholesterol is an important regulator of lipid organization and the precursor for neurosteroid biosynthesis. Low levels of neurosteroids were related to poor outcome in many brain pathologies. Apolipoprotein E is the principal cholesterol carrier protein in the brain, and the gene encoding the variant Apolipoprotein E4 is a significant risk factor for Alzheimer's disease. Parkinson's disease is to some degree caused by lipid peroxidation due to phospholipases activation. Niemann-Pick diseases A and B are due to acidic sphingomyelinase deficiency, resulting in sphingomyelin accumulation, while Niemann-Pick disease C is due to mutations in either the NPC1 or NPC2 genes, resulting in defective cholesterol transport and cholesterol accumulation. Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune inflammatory demyelinating condition of the CNS. Inhibiting phospholipase A2 attenuated the onset and progression of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. The endocannabinoid system is hypoactive in Huntington's disease. Ethyl-eicosapetaenoate showed promise in clinical trials. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis causes loss of motorneurons. Cyclooxygenase-2 inhibition reduced spinal neurodegeneration in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis transgenic mice. Eicosapentaenoic acid supplementation provided improvement in schizophrenia patients, while the combination of (eicosapentaenoic acid + docosahexaenoic acid) provided benefit in bipolar disorders. The ketogenic diet where >90% of calories are derived from fat is an effective treatment for epilepsy. Understanding cytokine-induced changes in lipid metabolism will promote novel concepts and steer towards bench-to-bedside transition for therapies.
Ketogenic Diet Appears to be Neuroprotective For Alzheimer's
The below authors state that "the Ketogenic diet appears neuroprotective, promoting enhanced mitochondrial function and rescuing adenosine triphosphate production" and suggest the value for broad range applications including not just neurovascular conditions but also cancer. We worry about mitochondrial function at TrackYourPlaque (at least I do anyway :) but many others are getting keen to this disorder). Mitochondria are our little nuclear powerhouses that produce our energy currency, e.g. energy packets known as ATP. Mitochondrial dysfunction is what distinguishes many diseases including how gets mercury/aluminum-toxic/brain-damaged from vaccines in children. Read opinions by Seth Roberts PhD HERE (author of the Shangri-La diet, UCB Psychology professor emeritus). Dr.Roberts shares his insightful thoughts and n=1 experiments on brain function and many other topics, including the benefits of fermentation/probiotics. Many TYP members have tried the SLD (not... 'LSD') and lost significant weight with extra light virgin olive oil. It will be very fascinating to see what conclusions will result from examining probiotics. Short-chain saturated fatty acids (SCSFAs: butyrate, propionate, etc) are binders and activators of PPAR-delta, a potent inflammatory and immunomodulatory switch. SCSFAs are produced by anaerobic fermentation and perhaps may be the ingredients that exert the health and longevity benefits of cheese, natto, stinky tofu, yogurt, etc (Nilssen N dissertation). (interestingly...monounsaturated fatty acids in EVO in fact bind PPAR-delta and other PPAR receptors; ketones=beta-hydroxybutyrate indirectly also activates PPAR-delta).
The ketogenic diet: uses in epilepsy and other neurologic illnesses.
The neuropharmacology of the ketogenic diet.
The ketogenic diet and epilepsy. This therapy has been around 80++ yrs.
Progress in neuroprotective strategies for preventing epilepsy.
From clinical evidence to molecular mechanisms underlying neuroprotection afforded by estrogens.
Neuroprotective and disease-modifying effects of the ketogenic diet.
Hartman AL et al. Behav Pharmacol. 2006 Sep;17(5-6):431-9. Review. Free PDF
Recent studies have raised the possibility that the ketogenic diet could provide symptomatic benefit and might even be disease modifying in Alzheimer’s disease. Thus, Reger et al. (2004) found that acute administration of medium-chain triglycerides improves memory performance in Alzheimer’s disease patients. Further, the degree of memory improvement was positively correlated with plasma levels of β-hydroxybutyrate produced by oxidation of the medium-chain triglycerides. If β-hydroxybutyrate is responsible for the memory improvement, then the ketogenic diet, which results in elevated β-hydroxybutyrate levels, would also be expected to improve memory function. When a patient is treated for epilepsy with the ketogenic diet, a high carbohydrate meal can rapidly reverse the antiseizure effect of the diet (Huttenlocher, 1976). It is therefore of interest that high carbohydrate intake worsens cognitive performance and behavior in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (Henderson, 2004; Young et al., 2005).
It is also possible that the ketogenic diet could ameliorate Alzheimer’s disease by providing greater amounts of essential fatty acids than normal or high carbohydrate diets (Cunnane et al., 2002; Henderson, 2004). This is because consumption of foods or artificial supplements rich in essential fatty acids may decrease the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease (Ruitenberg et al., 2001; Barberger-Gateau et al., 2002; Morris et al., 2003a, b)...
Carbohydrate restriction as a protective mechanism
A key aspect of the ketogenic diet is carbohydrate restriction. The role of decreased carbohydrates in neuroprotection has been investigated through the use of 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG), a glucose analog that is not metabolized by glycolysis. Lee et al. (1999) found that administration of 2-DG to adult rats at a nontoxic dose (200 mg/kg) for 7 consecutive days produced dramatic protection against hippocampal damage and functional neurological deficits induced by the seizure-inducing excitotoxin kainate. In addition, 2-DG was protective against glutamate-induced and oxidative stress-induced neuronal death in cell culture. The authors also found that reduced glucose availability induces stress proteins, including GRP78 and HSP70, which they proposed act to suppress ROS production, stabilize intracellular calcium, and maintain mitochondrial function..
Why this approach fixes and protects our brain...Cellular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective activity of the ketogenic diet:
--Reverses damage on energy metabolism
--Reduced glutamate-mediated toxicity
--Normalization effects on γ-aminobutyric acid systems
--Enhances antioxidant mechanisms
--Protects against programmed cell death
--Carb restriction as a protective mechanism and less ROS
Mitochondrial Dysfunction, Heart Disease, and Autism
The Hannah Poling story is quite frankly riveting. This could have been our child. Or your child. After her 19-month vaccination series, Hannah started developing the signs and symptoms for autism, she stopped interacting with her world. Her father Dr. Jon Poling being an MD/PhD Neurologist is now trying to find solutions for not only his own daughter's recovery but also a whole legion of children of this Pharma vaccine-generation. Apparently Hannah exhibits a mitochondrial dysfunction which may be one of several factors (likely vitamin ADEK deficiency, wheat/gluten intoxication, omega-6 overdose and omega-3/saturated fatty acid insufficiency are all factors as well, imho, I'm not an autism expert yet).
Subpopulation of Mitochondrial Autism -- Autism Vox Blog
Jon S. Poling, MD, PhD (2006) -- Developmental Regression and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in a Child With Autism. Journal of Child Neurology, Vol. 21, No. 2, 170-172.
Interestingly, Heart Disease is implicated on the 'spectrum' of mitochondrial disorders. A statement from the United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation on the connection between mitochondrial disease and autism: “Recent published reports about the potential links between mitochondrial disorders and autism demonstrate the urgent need for more research into mitochondrial disease, a devastating and often fatal illness. Mitochondrial dysfunction has also been implicated in Alzheimer’s Dementia, Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Heart Disease and Diabetes." It is not surprising to me. Individuals with heart disease often present themselves or their children with clinical autism or other conditions on the autistic spectrum: ADD, bipolar, major depression, schizophrenia. Perhaps mitochrondrial conditions are in fact woefully underdiagnosed. Aren't we all a little on the spectrum...?? I know I am not... the only one.
We Are Only As Strong as Our Weakest Mitochrondria
Mitochondria reside in all our alive cells (not hair or nails). They provide the energy needed for all energetic, metabolic and cellular processes. Honestly, if your car had no engine or an improperly functioning engine, how far do you think you will drive? Or at all?
Like our weakest link, sick mitochrondria bring us down.
How do we keep mitochrondria happy? Provide it the fuels it prefers. Give it the parts that need to be replaced upon damage/use. Don't throw cogs in its machinery.
--Fatty acids (mono-, saturated-, omega-3 long chained pufa, short-chained-saturated, medium- chained-saturated-, etc)
--Complex carbs (eg, vegetables)
--Coenzyme Q10 (involved in very last stop of ATP production)
--Alpha lipoic acid, Carnitine
--Vitamin D (incorporated in the phospholipid membranes and prevents lipid peroxidation)
--Avoid toxins: wheat/gluten/grains/x-s-fruit-fructose/legumes/lectins (which GLOM on and/or generate mitochrondria-auto-antibodies), heavy metals (lead, mercury, aluminum, etc), pesticides, synthetic hormones/horsey-hormones/progestins, drugs/pharmaceuticals (eg, statins for MANY), bisphenol, plastics, acrylate (used in enteric-coating of pharmaceuticals, e.g. Costco 'high potency' fish oil)